Uniting a shared history: Bringing osteopathic and evolutionary medicine (back) together

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Throughout its history, osteopathic medicine has struggled to define its professional identity and distinguish itself from its allopathic counterpart. In this paper, we suggest that osteopathic medicine has an opportunity to define its unique professional identity by embracing the emerging science of evolutionary medicine. We outline the similarities between osteopathic and evolutionary medicine and highlight their shared history. We further emphasize how aspects of evolutionary medicine align with core osteopathic principles and philosophy. We conclude by suggesting ways in which evolutionary medicine concepts can be incorporated into the osteopathic medical curriculum.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100687
JournalInternational Journal of Osteopathic Medicine
StatePublished - Dec 2023


  • Evolution
  • Evolutionary medicine
  • Medical education
  • Osteopathic education


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