Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Part of the dinitroaniline class of herbicides, trifluralin was first registered nearly 60years ago (1963). Trifluralin is a commercially available herbicide widely used as a preemergent herbicide on soybeans, cotton crops, and some ornamental plants. Trifluralin must be applied prior to the appearance of weed seedling sprouts and once applied, must be incorporated into the soil through irrigation or mechanical means. Although reported to be moderately to highly toxic to a variety of aquatic and insect life as well as some larger vertebrates such as rabbits and dogs, trifluralin is characterized by a relatively low toxicity in humans. Trifluralin is not readily absorbed via the gastrointestinal tract or through dermal contact. Even exposure via inhalation has shown little toxicity (bronchiole irritation) in humans. The use of trifluralin has been banned in the European Union in the early 2008 due to reports of its persistence in soil and groundwater and putative toxicity to aquatic life.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Toxicology, Fourth Edition
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 1-9
ISBN (Electronic)9780128243152
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2023


  • Aquatic toxicity
  • Dinitroaniline
  • Endocrine disruptor
  • Herbicide
  • Polymerization inhibitor
  • Pre-emergence
  • Soil persistence


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