Trauma of pregnancy loss and infertility among mothers and involuntarily childless women in the United States

Kami L. Schwerdtfeger, Karina M. Shreffler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent studies have repeatedly associated posttraumatic symptoms with women's experience of pregnancy loss. Using a nationally representative sample of American women (N = 2,894) from the National Survey of Fertility Barriers, the current study examines long-term psychological outcomes and reactions to pregnancy loss and infertility among mothers and involuntarily childless women. In general, childless women who had experienced pregnancy loss or failure to conceive reported the lowest life satisfaction and highest levels of depression despite a considerable period of time (7 years) since the loss or first year without a conception. However, women with the dual experience of pregnancy loss and involuntary childlessness reported the most fertility-related distress. Results of the current study suggest that the "non-event" of involuntary childlessness may serve as an additional stressor in the traumatic experience of pregnancy loss.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-227
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Loss and Trauma
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Infertility
trauma
pregnancy
Mothers
Pregnancy
Wounds and Injuries
childlessness
Fertility
fertility
experience
Depression
Psychology

Cite this

@article{5035e29f36774cea9268de9035e2355d,
title = "Trauma of pregnancy loss and infertility among mothers and involuntarily childless women in the United States",
abstract = "Recent studies have repeatedly associated posttraumatic symptoms with women's experience of pregnancy loss. Using a nationally representative sample of American women (N = 2,894) from the National Survey of Fertility Barriers, the current study examines long-term psychological outcomes and reactions to pregnancy loss and infertility among mothers and involuntarily childless women. In general, childless women who had experienced pregnancy loss or failure to conceive reported the lowest life satisfaction and highest levels of depression despite a considerable period of time (7 years) since the loss or first year without a conception. However, women with the dual experience of pregnancy loss and involuntary childlessness reported the most fertility-related distress. Results of the current study suggest that the {"}non-event{"} of involuntary childlessness may serve as an additional stressor in the traumatic experience of pregnancy loss.",
author = "Schwerdtfeger, {Kami L.} and Shreffler, {Karina M.}",
year = "2009",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/15325020802537468",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "211--227",
journal = "Journal of Loss and Trauma",
issn = "1532-5024",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "3",

}

Trauma of pregnancy loss and infertility among mothers and involuntarily childless women in the United States. / Schwerdtfeger, Kami L.; Shreffler, Karina M.

In: Journal of Loss and Trauma, Vol. 14, No. 3, 01.05.2009, p. 211-227.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Trauma of pregnancy loss and infertility among mothers and involuntarily childless women in the United States

AU - Schwerdtfeger, Kami L.

AU - Shreffler, Karina M.

PY - 2009/5/1

Y1 - 2009/5/1

N2 - Recent studies have repeatedly associated posttraumatic symptoms with women's experience of pregnancy loss. Using a nationally representative sample of American women (N = 2,894) from the National Survey of Fertility Barriers, the current study examines long-term psychological outcomes and reactions to pregnancy loss and infertility among mothers and involuntarily childless women. In general, childless women who had experienced pregnancy loss or failure to conceive reported the lowest life satisfaction and highest levels of depression despite a considerable period of time (7 years) since the loss or first year without a conception. However, women with the dual experience of pregnancy loss and involuntary childlessness reported the most fertility-related distress. Results of the current study suggest that the "non-event" of involuntary childlessness may serve as an additional stressor in the traumatic experience of pregnancy loss.

AB - Recent studies have repeatedly associated posttraumatic symptoms with women's experience of pregnancy loss. Using a nationally representative sample of American women (N = 2,894) from the National Survey of Fertility Barriers, the current study examines long-term psychological outcomes and reactions to pregnancy loss and infertility among mothers and involuntarily childless women. In general, childless women who had experienced pregnancy loss or failure to conceive reported the lowest life satisfaction and highest levels of depression despite a considerable period of time (7 years) since the loss or first year without a conception. However, women with the dual experience of pregnancy loss and involuntary childlessness reported the most fertility-related distress. Results of the current study suggest that the "non-event" of involuntary childlessness may serve as an additional stressor in the traumatic experience of pregnancy loss.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70449380994&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/15325020802537468

DO - 10.1080/15325020802537468

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:70449380994

VL - 14

SP - 211

EP - 227

JO - Journal of Loss and Trauma

JF - Journal of Loss and Trauma

SN - 1532-5024

IS - 3

ER -