Trauma and Early Adolescent Perceptions About Sex and Parenthood: The Mediating Role of Anger Regulation

Karina M. Shreffler, Stacy Tiemeyer, Zachary Giano, Kami L. Gallus, Ronald B. Cox, Michael J. Merten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Using a population-based sample of 1,311 seventh graders in an urban school district in the South Central United States, we examined the associations between early-life trauma, anger regulation, and early adolescent perceptions about sex and parenthood. Girls and boys with more trauma exposure were more likely to perceive adolescent parenthood as ideal for them (odds ratio [OR] = 1.29, p <.01 and OR = 1.24, p <.01, respectively). Childhood trauma was also associated with increased perceived pressure to have sex for both girls and boys (OR = 1.23, p <.001 and OR = 1.22, p <.001) and to have a baby (OR = 1.51, p <.001 and OR = 1.46, p <.001). Anger regulation mediated the association between childhood trauma and perceiving teen parenthood as ideal for both girls and boys, but not of felt pressures. Our results suggest that anger regulation skills may offer insight for trauma-informed adolescent pregnancy prevention efforts and these efforts need to begin early, before adolescents start engaging in risky behaviors.

Original languageEnglish
JournalYouth and Society
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

parenthood
anger
trauma
adolescent
regulation
childhood
baby
pregnancy
district
school

Keywords

  • adolescence
  • emotion regulation
  • pregnancy
  • teen parenthood
  • trauma

Cite this

@article{ca1ce71a355a4c1b8cbdeee2327ceaa7,
title = "Trauma and Early Adolescent Perceptions About Sex and Parenthood: The Mediating Role of Anger Regulation",
abstract = "Using a population-based sample of 1,311 seventh graders in an urban school district in the South Central United States, we examined the associations between early-life trauma, anger regulation, and early adolescent perceptions about sex and parenthood. Girls and boys with more trauma exposure were more likely to perceive adolescent parenthood as ideal for them (odds ratio [OR] = 1.29, p <.01 and OR = 1.24, p <.01, respectively). Childhood trauma was also associated with increased perceived pressure to have sex for both girls and boys (OR = 1.23, p <.001 and OR = 1.22, p <.001) and to have a baby (OR = 1.51, p <.001 and OR = 1.46, p <.001). Anger regulation mediated the association between childhood trauma and perceiving teen parenthood as ideal for both girls and boys, but not of felt pressures. Our results suggest that anger regulation skills may offer insight for trauma-informed adolescent pregnancy prevention efforts and these efforts need to begin early, before adolescents start engaging in risky behaviors.",
keywords = "adolescence, emotion regulation, pregnancy, teen parenthood, trauma",
author = "Shreffler, {Karina M.} and Stacy Tiemeyer and Zachary Giano and Gallus, {Kami L.} and Cox, {Ronald B.} and Merten, {Michael J.}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0044118X18814051",
language = "English",
journal = "Youth and Society",
issn = "0044-118X",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",

}

Trauma and Early Adolescent Perceptions About Sex and Parenthood : The Mediating Role of Anger Regulation. / Shreffler, Karina M.; Tiemeyer, Stacy; Giano, Zachary; Gallus, Kami L.; Cox, Ronald B.; Merten, Michael J.

In: Youth and Society, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Trauma and Early Adolescent Perceptions About Sex and Parenthood

T2 - The Mediating Role of Anger Regulation

AU - Shreffler, Karina M.

AU - Tiemeyer, Stacy

AU - Giano, Zachary

AU - Gallus, Kami L.

AU - Cox, Ronald B.

AU - Merten, Michael J.

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Using a population-based sample of 1,311 seventh graders in an urban school district in the South Central United States, we examined the associations between early-life trauma, anger regulation, and early adolescent perceptions about sex and parenthood. Girls and boys with more trauma exposure were more likely to perceive adolescent parenthood as ideal for them (odds ratio [OR] = 1.29, p <.01 and OR = 1.24, p <.01, respectively). Childhood trauma was also associated with increased perceived pressure to have sex for both girls and boys (OR = 1.23, p <.001 and OR = 1.22, p <.001) and to have a baby (OR = 1.51, p <.001 and OR = 1.46, p <.001). Anger regulation mediated the association between childhood trauma and perceiving teen parenthood as ideal for both girls and boys, but not of felt pressures. Our results suggest that anger regulation skills may offer insight for trauma-informed adolescent pregnancy prevention efforts and these efforts need to begin early, before adolescents start engaging in risky behaviors.

AB - Using a population-based sample of 1,311 seventh graders in an urban school district in the South Central United States, we examined the associations between early-life trauma, anger regulation, and early adolescent perceptions about sex and parenthood. Girls and boys with more trauma exposure were more likely to perceive adolescent parenthood as ideal for them (odds ratio [OR] = 1.29, p <.01 and OR = 1.24, p <.01, respectively). Childhood trauma was also associated with increased perceived pressure to have sex for both girls and boys (OR = 1.23, p <.001 and OR = 1.22, p <.001) and to have a baby (OR = 1.51, p <.001 and OR = 1.46, p <.001). Anger regulation mediated the association between childhood trauma and perceiving teen parenthood as ideal for both girls and boys, but not of felt pressures. Our results suggest that anger regulation skills may offer insight for trauma-informed adolescent pregnancy prevention efforts and these efforts need to begin early, before adolescents start engaging in risky behaviors.

KW - adolescence

KW - emotion regulation

KW - pregnancy

KW - teen parenthood

KW - trauma

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85058949150&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0044118X18814051

DO - 10.1177/0044118X18814051

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85058949150

JO - Youth and Society

JF - Youth and Society

SN - 0044-118X

ER -