The role of the family context in the development of emotion regulation

Amanda Sheffield Morris, Jennifer S. Silk, Laurence Steinberg, Sonya S. Myers, Lara Rachel Robinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1821 Scopus citations


This article reviews current literature examining associations between components of the family context and children and adolescents' emotion regulation (ER). The review is organized around a tripartite model of familial influence. Firstly, it is posited that children learn about ER through observational learning, modeling and social referencing. Secondly, parenting practices specifically related to emotion and emotion management affect ER. Thirdly, ER is affected by the emotional climate of the family via parenting style, the attachment relationship, family expressiveness and the marital relationship. The review ends with discussions regarding the ways in which child characteristics such as negative emotionality and gender affect ER, how socialization practices change as children develop into adolescents, and how parent characteristics such as mental health affect the socialization of ER.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-388
Number of pages28
JournalSocial Development
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2007


  • Context
  • Emotion regulation
  • Family
  • Parenting


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