The Role of Stigma in the Relationship Between Illness Intrusiveness and Adjustment in Adolescents and Young Adults: A Path Model

Dana M. Bakula, Christina M. Sharkey, Megan N. Perez, Hannah C. Espeleta, Misty Hawkins, John M. Chaney, Larry L. Mullins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective Adolescents/Young Adults (AYAs) with a chronic illness display elevated risk for poor psychosocial outcomes, yet relatively little is known about factors that place these individuals at risk. Illness intrusiveness is a known predictor of negative psychosocial outcomes in AYAs. Illness-related stigma, an understudied concept in this population, may also be a key contributor to increased intrusiveness. The present study sought to determine if higher levels of illness-related stigma would be associated with higher levels of depressive and anxious symptoms in AYAs with a chronic illness, and whether this relationship would be mediated by illness intrusiveness. Methods College students with a chronic illness completed measures of illness-related stigma, illness intrusiveness, and both depressive and anxious symptoms. Results A path model indicated that stigma was significantly related to illness intrusiveness, and illness intrusiveness was significantly related to depressive and anxious symptoms. Both indirect paths from stigma to depressive and anxious outcomes were significant. There were also significant direct effects of stigma on depressive and anxious outcomes. An additional path model was tested to assess anxious and depressive outcomes as multidimensional factors by evaluating the individual factors of both scales as outcomes. This model revealed similar results. Conclusions Findings support previous research indicating relationships between stigma, illness intrusiveness, and negative psychosocial outcomes, with illness intrusiveness serving as a possible mediator between illness-related stigma and depressive and anxious symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number004
Pages (from-to)611-619
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Pediatric Psychology
Volume44
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes

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Social Adjustment
Young Adult
Depression
Chronic Disease
Students
Research
Population

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Chronic illness
  • Depression

Cite this

Bakula, Dana M. ; Sharkey, Christina M. ; Perez, Megan N. ; Espeleta, Hannah C. ; Hawkins, Misty ; Chaney, John M. ; Mullins, Larry L. / The Role of Stigma in the Relationship Between Illness Intrusiveness and Adjustment in Adolescents and Young Adults : A Path Model. In: Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 2019 ; Vol. 44, No. 5. pp. 611-619.
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The Role of Stigma in the Relationship Between Illness Intrusiveness and Adjustment in Adolescents and Young Adults : A Path Model. / Bakula, Dana M.; Sharkey, Christina M.; Perez, Megan N.; Espeleta, Hannah C.; Hawkins, Misty; Chaney, John M.; Mullins, Larry L.

In: Journal of Pediatric Psychology, Vol. 44, No. 5, 004, 01.06.2019, p. 611-619.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Objective Adolescents/Young Adults (AYAs) with a chronic illness display elevated risk for poor psychosocial outcomes, yet relatively little is known about factors that place these individuals at risk. Illness intrusiveness is a known predictor of negative psychosocial outcomes in AYAs. Illness-related stigma, an understudied concept in this population, may also be a key contributor to increased intrusiveness. The present study sought to determine if higher levels of illness-related stigma would be associated with higher levels of depressive and anxious symptoms in AYAs with a chronic illness, and whether this relationship would be mediated by illness intrusiveness. Methods College students with a chronic illness completed measures of illness-related stigma, illness intrusiveness, and both depressive and anxious symptoms. Results A path model indicated that stigma was significantly related to illness intrusiveness, and illness intrusiveness was significantly related to depressive and anxious symptoms. Both indirect paths from stigma to depressive and anxious outcomes were significant. There were also significant direct effects of stigma on depressive and anxious outcomes. An additional path model was tested to assess anxious and depressive outcomes as multidimensional factors by evaluating the individual factors of both scales as outcomes. This model revealed similar results. Conclusions Findings support previous research indicating relationships between stigma, illness intrusiveness, and negative psychosocial outcomes, with illness intrusiveness serving as a possible mediator between illness-related stigma and depressive and anxious symptoms.

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