The opioid antagonist, β-funaltrexamine, inhibits NF-κB signaling and chemokine expression in human astrocytes and in mice

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Abstract

Abstract Opioid-immune crosstalk occurs when opioid drugs alter the activity of the immune system. In this study, the opioid antagonist β-funaltrexamine (β-FNA) decreases the expression and release of an inflammatory chemokine, interferon-γ inducible protein-10 (CXCL10) from normal human astrocytes stimulated by interleukin 1β (IL-1β). β-FNA decreased CXCL10 by an unknown action that did not involve the mu opioid receptor (MOR). As IL-1β acts through its receptor to activate NF-κB/MAPK signaling pathways which leads to CXCL10 expression and release, key steps in the IL-1β signaling pathways were examined following β-FNA treatment. IL-1β-induced activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (p38 MAPK) was inhibited by β-FNA as shown by decreased p38 MAPK phosphorylation in treated cells. β-FNA also decreased the levels of activated subunits of NF-κB (p50 and p65) in treated astrocytes. The impact of β-FNA was also observed in proteins that act to negatively regulate NF-κB signaling. IL-1β upregulated the expression of A20, a ubiquitin (Ub)-editing enzyme that dampens NF-κB signaling by altering ubiquination patterns on IL-1 receptor second messengers, and the increase in A20 was significantly inhibited by β-FNA treatment. Inhibition of the Ub-activating enzyme E1 by the inhibitor PYR41 also decreased CXCL10 release, like β-FNA, and concurrent treatment with both PYR41 and β-FNA inhibited CXCL10 more than did either agent alone. In mice, lipopolysaccharide-induced CXCL10 expression in the brain was inhibited by treatment with β-FNA. These findings suggest that β-FNA exerts an anti-inflammatory action in vitro and in vivo that is MOR-independent and possibly due to the alkylating ability of β-FNA.

Original languageEnglish
Article number70004
Pages (from-to)193-201
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume762
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015

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Narcotic Antagonists
Interleukin-1
Chemokines
Astrocytes
mu Opioid Receptor
p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Opioid Analgesics
Ubiquitin-Activating Enzymes
Chemokine CXCL10
Interleukin-1 Receptors
Second Messenger Systems
Enzyme Inhibitors
Ubiquitin
Lipopolysaccharides
Immune System
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Phosphorylation
Brain
Enzymes
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Keywords

  • Astrocyte
  • Chemokine
  • Cytokine
  • IL-1β
  • NF-κB
  • Opioid
  • β-FNA

Cite this

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title = "The opioid antagonist, β-funaltrexamine, inhibits NF-κB signaling and chemokine expression in human astrocytes and in mice",
abstract = "Abstract Opioid-immune crosstalk occurs when opioid drugs alter the activity of the immune system. In this study, the opioid antagonist β-funaltrexamine (β-FNA) decreases the expression and release of an inflammatory chemokine, interferon-γ inducible protein-10 (CXCL10) from normal human astrocytes stimulated by interleukin 1β (IL-1β). β-FNA decreased CXCL10 by an unknown action that did not involve the mu opioid receptor (MOR). As IL-1β acts through its receptor to activate NF-κB/MAPK signaling pathways which leads to CXCL10 expression and release, key steps in the IL-1β signaling pathways were examined following β-FNA treatment. IL-1β-induced activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (p38 MAPK) was inhibited by β-FNA as shown by decreased p38 MAPK phosphorylation in treated cells. β-FNA also decreased the levels of activated subunits of NF-κB (p50 and p65) in treated astrocytes. The impact of β-FNA was also observed in proteins that act to negatively regulate NF-κB signaling. IL-1β upregulated the expression of A20, a ubiquitin (Ub)-editing enzyme that dampens NF-κB signaling by altering ubiquination patterns on IL-1 receptor second messengers, and the increase in A20 was significantly inhibited by β-FNA treatment. Inhibition of the Ub-activating enzyme E1 by the inhibitor PYR41 also decreased CXCL10 release, like β-FNA, and concurrent treatment with both PYR41 and β-FNA inhibited CXCL10 more than did either agent alone. In mice, lipopolysaccharide-induced CXCL10 expression in the brain was inhibited by treatment with β-FNA. These findings suggest that β-FNA exerts an anti-inflammatory action in vitro and in vivo that is MOR-independent and possibly due to the alkylating ability of β-FNA.",
keywords = "Astrocyte, Chemokine, Cytokine, IL-1β, NF-κB, Opioid, β-FNA",
author = "Davis, {Randall L.} and Subhas Das and {Thomas Curtis}, J. and Stevens, {Craig W.}",
year = "2015",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - The opioid antagonist, β-funaltrexamine, inhibits NF-κB signaling and chemokine expression in human astrocytes and in mice

AU - Davis, Randall L.

AU - Das, Subhas

AU - Thomas Curtis, J.

AU - Stevens, Craig W.

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Abstract Opioid-immune crosstalk occurs when opioid drugs alter the activity of the immune system. In this study, the opioid antagonist β-funaltrexamine (β-FNA) decreases the expression and release of an inflammatory chemokine, interferon-γ inducible protein-10 (CXCL10) from normal human astrocytes stimulated by interleukin 1β (IL-1β). β-FNA decreased CXCL10 by an unknown action that did not involve the mu opioid receptor (MOR). As IL-1β acts through its receptor to activate NF-κB/MAPK signaling pathways which leads to CXCL10 expression and release, key steps in the IL-1β signaling pathways were examined following β-FNA treatment. IL-1β-induced activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (p38 MAPK) was inhibited by β-FNA as shown by decreased p38 MAPK phosphorylation in treated cells. β-FNA also decreased the levels of activated subunits of NF-κB (p50 and p65) in treated astrocytes. The impact of β-FNA was also observed in proteins that act to negatively regulate NF-κB signaling. IL-1β upregulated the expression of A20, a ubiquitin (Ub)-editing enzyme that dampens NF-κB signaling by altering ubiquination patterns on IL-1 receptor second messengers, and the increase in A20 was significantly inhibited by β-FNA treatment. Inhibition of the Ub-activating enzyme E1 by the inhibitor PYR41 also decreased CXCL10 release, like β-FNA, and concurrent treatment with both PYR41 and β-FNA inhibited CXCL10 more than did either agent alone. In mice, lipopolysaccharide-induced CXCL10 expression in the brain was inhibited by treatment with β-FNA. These findings suggest that β-FNA exerts an anti-inflammatory action in vitro and in vivo that is MOR-independent and possibly due to the alkylating ability of β-FNA.

AB - Abstract Opioid-immune crosstalk occurs when opioid drugs alter the activity of the immune system. In this study, the opioid antagonist β-funaltrexamine (β-FNA) decreases the expression and release of an inflammatory chemokine, interferon-γ inducible protein-10 (CXCL10) from normal human astrocytes stimulated by interleukin 1β (IL-1β). β-FNA decreased CXCL10 by an unknown action that did not involve the mu opioid receptor (MOR). As IL-1β acts through its receptor to activate NF-κB/MAPK signaling pathways which leads to CXCL10 expression and release, key steps in the IL-1β signaling pathways were examined following β-FNA treatment. IL-1β-induced activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (p38 MAPK) was inhibited by β-FNA as shown by decreased p38 MAPK phosphorylation in treated cells. β-FNA also decreased the levels of activated subunits of NF-κB (p50 and p65) in treated astrocytes. The impact of β-FNA was also observed in proteins that act to negatively regulate NF-κB signaling. IL-1β upregulated the expression of A20, a ubiquitin (Ub)-editing enzyme that dampens NF-κB signaling by altering ubiquination patterns on IL-1 receptor second messengers, and the increase in A20 was significantly inhibited by β-FNA treatment. Inhibition of the Ub-activating enzyme E1 by the inhibitor PYR41 also decreased CXCL10 release, like β-FNA, and concurrent treatment with both PYR41 and β-FNA inhibited CXCL10 more than did either agent alone. In mice, lipopolysaccharide-induced CXCL10 expression in the brain was inhibited by treatment with β-FNA. These findings suggest that β-FNA exerts an anti-inflammatory action in vitro and in vivo that is MOR-independent and possibly due to the alkylating ability of β-FNA.

KW - Astrocyte

KW - Chemokine

KW - Cytokine

KW - IL-1β

KW - NF-κB

KW - Opioid

KW - β-FNA

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U2 - 10.1016/j.ejphar.2015.05.040

DO - 10.1016/j.ejphar.2015.05.040

M3 - Article

C2 - 26007645

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VL - 762

SP - 193

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JO - European Journal of Pharmacology

JF - European Journal of Pharmacology

SN - 0014-2999

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