The Impact of Depression on Patient Outcomes in Individuals Who Underwent Orthopaedic Trauma: A Critically Appraised Topic

Ashlyn Bordelon, Jessica Monnier, Jennifer Volberding

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterpeer-review

Abstract

Clinical Scenario: There are various factors that contribute to a patient’s recovery post- trauma, but depression seems to be one of the most neglected factors. It negatively impacts patients, creating disability and dysfunction as an overall outcome. It is commonly overlooked amongst healthcare professionals as part of the treatment plan although it is integral to a full recovery.

Clinical Question: In patients with trauma, is there an increase in post-traumatic dysfunction when the patient is diagnosed with depression?
Summary Key Findings: A literature search was conducted on depression and the impact it has on patient recovery post-orthopaedic trauma. Two prognostic studies investigated the impact that depression has on outcomes and demonstrated it resulted in poorer outcomes of recovery. An additional study observed that depression was a predictor of recovery and a final study found that patients with mental illness (i.e. depression) had worse functional outcomes after injury.

Clinical Bottom Line: Overall, evidence suggests patients who have been diagnosed with depression are more likely to sustain increased post-traumatic dysfunction.

Strength of Recommendation: Based on the Center of Evidence Based Medicine, these studies were a level 3 or higher regarding evidence that depression creates increased post-traumatic dysfunction in patients who undergo orthopaedic trauma.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages21
StatePublished - 16 Feb 2024
Event
Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences Research Week 2024
- Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences, Tulsa, United States
Duration: 13 Feb 202417 Feb 2024
https://medicine.okstate.edu/research/research_days.html

Conference

Conference
Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences Research Week 2024
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityTulsa
Period13/02/2417/02/24
Internet address

Keywords

  • depression
  • orthopaedic trauma
  • dysfunction
  • disability
  • recovery
  • outcomes
  • mental illness

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