The Engagement Model of Person-Environment Interaction

Jason E. Neufeld, Heather N. Rasmussen, Shane J. Lopez, Jamie A. Ryder, Jeana L. Magyar-Moe, Alicia Ito Ford, Lisa M. Edwards, Jennifer C. Bouwkamp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


This article focuses on growth-promoting aspects in the environment, and the authors propose a strength-based, dynamic model of person-environment interaction. The authors begin by briefly discussing the typical recognition of contextual variables in models that rely on the concept of person-environment fit. This is followed by a review of recent approaches to incorporating positive environmental factors in conceptualizations of human functioning. These approaches lead to an alternative model of personenvironment interaction in which the engagement construct (i.e., the quality of a personenvironment relationship determined by the extent to which negotiation, participation, and evaluation processes occur during the interaction) replaces the static notion of fit. Finally, the authors outline recommendations for overcoming environmental neglect in research, practice, and training.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-259
Number of pages15
JournalThe Counseling Psychologist
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2006


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