Temperamental vulnerability and negative parenting as interacting predictors of child adjustment

Amanda Sheffield Morris, Jennifer S. Silk, Laurence Steinberg, Frances M. Sessa, Shelli Avenevoli, Marilyn J. Essex

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

218 Scopus citations


This study, examines parenting by temperament interactions in predicting child adjustment. Participants included 40 first and second graders, their mothers, and teachers. Child report of maternal psychological control and hostility was assessed using the Child Puppet Interview. Mothers completed temperament scales from the Child Behavior Questionnaire, and teachers provided information on child adjustment. As expected, among children high in irritable distress, maternal psychological control was associated with internalizing problems and maternal hostility was associated with externalizing problems. Among children with poor effortful control, maternal hostility was associated with externalizing behavior. This study offers evidence that the effects of negative parenting are accentuated among children with temperamental vulnerabilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-471
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Marriage and Family
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 May 2002



  • Child adjustment
  • Child report
  • Parenting
  • Temperament

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