Study of time dependent degradation of mRNA encoding the SPRR3 and S100A9 gene markers in saliva stains

Kayla Woodson, Jun Fu, Robert Allen

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterpeer-review

Abstract

When a body fluid stain is found at a crime scene, it may be beneficial to use the RNA found within to approximate the age of the stain. This is important in cases where a person of interest has been known to be in a location several times before any crime occurred. RNA has proven to be useful in the field of forensic investigation; however, it has been shown to be less stable than DNA. The analysis of mRNA includes common methods like reverse transcription PCR, or RT-PCR. Research has previously been conducted in this laboratory has shown the relationship between the age of a blood stain and semen stain and the amount of RNA degradation.
In this experiment, buccal swabs were collected and placed in a box to dry in a room temperature environment. Swabs were left to dry for time intervals of up to one month, after which mRNA was extracted and reverse transcribed to cDNA. Transcripts for the saliva specific marker SPRR3, along with S100A9, typically expressed in the esophagus, were analyzed through real time qPCR analysis.
Results so far show that as the time between sample acquisition and analysis increases, Ct values increase for the marker SPRR3, which shows the transcripts are undergoing degradation. Ct values for the S100A9 marker appear to stay relatively constant. These results can be helpful in real world casework where a saliva sample may have been left out accidentally, but can still be used to produce mRNA. By studying the effects of time on mRNA degradation, the age of a stain can be approximated.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages126
StatePublished - 18 Feb 2022
EventOklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences Research Week 2022 : Poster Presentation - Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences, Tulsa, United States
Duration: 14 Feb 202218 Feb 2022

Conference

ConferenceOklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences Research Week 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityTulsa
Period14/02/2218/02/22

Keywords

  • mRNA degradation
  • saliva stains
  • qPCR analysis

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