Selecting, testing and understanding probiotic microorganisms

Gregor Reid, Sung O. Kim, Gerwald A. Köhler

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

66 Scopus citations


The interest in probiotics and the modulation of microbiota for restoring and maintaining health continues to gain momentum. Research is fueled by a need to develop alternatives to antibiotics and drugs that have severe side effects. It is recognised that bacteria play a major role in human and animal health, and how scientific advances help to explain how and when probiotics work. This minireview provides an update on critical studies, particularly since 2002, that are helping to explain the mechanisms of action of probiotic organisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-157
Number of pages9
JournalFEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2006


  • Efficacy
  • Intestinal
  • Mechanisms
  • Microbiota
  • Probiotics
  • Vagina


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