Regional differences in serotonin content in the nucleus of the solitary tract of male rats after hypovolemia produced by polyethylene glycol

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Abstract

Serotonin (5-HT) has been implicated in centrally mediated compensatory responses to volume loss in rats. Accordingly, we hypothesized that slowly developing, non-hypotensive hypovolemia increases serotonin in the hindbrain nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS). We produced volume loss in adult male rats by administering hyperoncotic polyethylene glycol (PEG) and then assessed 5-HT levels in the NTS using measurements of tissue 5-HT content or 5-HT immunohistochemistry. The results show selective increases of 5-HT in the caudal NTS after PEG treatment, but no change in the primary 5-HT metabolite, 5-HIAA. Moreover, the intensity of 5-HT immunolabeled fibers in the caudal NTS was increased after PEG treatment. These findings suggest that, after PEG-induced hypovolemia, 5-HT accumulates in neural elements in the caudal NTS. We propose that this accumulation is attributable to an initial release of 5-HT that then acts at presynaptic autoreceptors to inhibit subsequent 5-HT release.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-46
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physiological Sciences
Volume63
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2013

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Hypovolemia
Solitary Nucleus
Serotonin
Autoreceptors
Rhombencephalon
Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid
Immunohistochemistry

Keywords

  • 5-HIAA
  • Baroreflex pathway
  • Hemorrhage
  • Norepinephrine

Cite this

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title = "Regional differences in serotonin content in the nucleus of the solitary tract of male rats after hypovolemia produced by polyethylene glycol",
abstract = "Serotonin (5-HT) has been implicated in centrally mediated compensatory responses to volume loss in rats. Accordingly, we hypothesized that slowly developing, non-hypotensive hypovolemia increases serotonin in the hindbrain nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS). We produced volume loss in adult male rats by administering hyperoncotic polyethylene glycol (PEG) and then assessed 5-HT levels in the NTS using measurements of tissue 5-HT content or 5-HT immunohistochemistry. The results show selective increases of 5-HT in the caudal NTS after PEG treatment, but no change in the primary 5-HT metabolite, 5-HIAA. Moreover, the intensity of 5-HT immunolabeled fibers in the caudal NTS was increased after PEG treatment. These findings suggest that, after PEG-induced hypovolemia, 5-HT accumulates in neural elements in the caudal NTS. We propose that this accumulation is attributable to an initial release of 5-HT that then acts at presynaptic autoreceptors to inhibit subsequent 5-HT release.",
keywords = "5-HIAA, Baroreflex pathway, Hemorrhage, Norepinephrine",
author = "Tom Curtis and Anderson, {Michael B.} and Kathleen Curtis",
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T1 - Regional differences in serotonin content in the nucleus of the solitary tract of male rats after hypovolemia produced by polyethylene glycol

AU - Curtis, Tom

AU - Anderson, Michael B.

AU - Curtis, Kathleen

PY - 2013/1/1

Y1 - 2013/1/1

N2 - Serotonin (5-HT) has been implicated in centrally mediated compensatory responses to volume loss in rats. Accordingly, we hypothesized that slowly developing, non-hypotensive hypovolemia increases serotonin in the hindbrain nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS). We produced volume loss in adult male rats by administering hyperoncotic polyethylene glycol (PEG) and then assessed 5-HT levels in the NTS using measurements of tissue 5-HT content or 5-HT immunohistochemistry. The results show selective increases of 5-HT in the caudal NTS after PEG treatment, but no change in the primary 5-HT metabolite, 5-HIAA. Moreover, the intensity of 5-HT immunolabeled fibers in the caudal NTS was increased after PEG treatment. These findings suggest that, after PEG-induced hypovolemia, 5-HT accumulates in neural elements in the caudal NTS. We propose that this accumulation is attributable to an initial release of 5-HT that then acts at presynaptic autoreceptors to inhibit subsequent 5-HT release.

AB - Serotonin (5-HT) has been implicated in centrally mediated compensatory responses to volume loss in rats. Accordingly, we hypothesized that slowly developing, non-hypotensive hypovolemia increases serotonin in the hindbrain nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS). We produced volume loss in adult male rats by administering hyperoncotic polyethylene glycol (PEG) and then assessed 5-HT levels in the NTS using measurements of tissue 5-HT content or 5-HT immunohistochemistry. The results show selective increases of 5-HT in the caudal NTS after PEG treatment, but no change in the primary 5-HT metabolite, 5-HIAA. Moreover, the intensity of 5-HT immunolabeled fibers in the caudal NTS was increased after PEG treatment. These findings suggest that, after PEG-induced hypovolemia, 5-HT accumulates in neural elements in the caudal NTS. We propose that this accumulation is attributable to an initial release of 5-HT that then acts at presynaptic autoreceptors to inhibit subsequent 5-HT release.

KW - 5-HIAA

KW - Baroreflex pathway

KW - Hemorrhage

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