Potential effects of financial conflicts of interest of speakers at the Pulmonary/Allergy Drug Advisory meetings

Trevor Bickford, Nicholas Kinder, Wade Arthur, Cole Wayant, Matt Vassar

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

Abstract

Rationale: The Pulmonary-Allergy Drugs Advisory Committee (PADAC) evaluates the safety and efficacy of new drugs used in the treatment of pulmonary, allergic, and immunologic diseases. Previous studies have shown, however, that positive recommendations from advisory committees are associated with drug approval by the FDA in up to 79% of cases. Objective: To investigate the relationship between FCOI among public speakers and their recommendations for the drug under review at PADAC meetings and to determine whether the number of speakers and the number of speakers with FOCI were related to PADAC voting patterns. Methods: We included the testimonies of all public speakers at the PADAC meetings from November 2009 to May 2019 using verbatim transcripts deposited on the FDA website. We used a pilot tested Google form to perform blinded, independent data extraction for each speaker. An ordered logistic regression was performed with each speaker's overall statement about the drug — negative, positive or neutral — serving as the dependent variable. Independent variables included whether the speaker was taking the drug in question, whether the speaker had the disorder treated by the drug, and whether the speaker disclosed a FCOI. Stata 15.1 was used for all analyses. Results: From 16 PADAC meetings, we extracted data for 128 speakers. From all meetings included in our sample, 38% (49/128) disclosed a FCOI. Our ordered logistic regression model found that speakers who disclosed a FCOI were significantly more likely to give a positive testimony than those who did not (OR = 5.13, 95% CI = 1.83—14.37, P < 0.001) and that speakers who had the disorder for which the drug was taken were significantly more likely to provide positive testimony than speakers who did not have the disorder (OR=5.49, 95% CI = 1.84 — 14.37, P < .01). Conclusion: Our findings suggest that public speakers who have FCOI are more likely to recommend drugs for approval, at least within the context of PADAC. However, these findings combined with others show a consistent effect. Greater efforts are needed to understand the effects of public speakers on voting behaviors. Changes to the current guidance on FDA FCOI disclosure are needed, and the future role of public speakers should be questioned.
Original languageAmerican English
StatePublished - 4 Sep 2020
EventOklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences Research Day 2020 - Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences College of Osteopathic Medicine, Tulsa, United States
Duration: 27 Feb 202028 Feb 2020

Conference

ConferenceOklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences Research Day 2020
CountryUnited States
CityTulsa
Period27/02/2028/02/20

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