Peptostreptococcus canis sp. nov., isolated from subgingival plaque from canine oral cavity

Paul A. Lawson, Crystal N. Johnson, Lisbeth Bengtsson, Georgios Charalampakis, Gunnar Dahlén, Edward Moore, Enevold Falsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

A polyphasic taxonomic study was performed on two strains of an unknown Gram-positive, asaccharolytic, nonspore-forming, obligately anaerobic coccus-shaped bacterium isolated from oral subgingival plaque of Labrador retriever dogs. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing confirmed that these isolates were highly related to each other and formed a hitherto unknown linage within the clostridial rRNA XI cluster of organisms. Pairwise analysis demonstrated that the novel organism to be most closely related to members of the genus Peptostreptococcus with 16S rDNA gene sequence similarity values between 92.8% and 96.7%, respectively. The G + C DNA base composition was 30.8 mol% and the major cellular fatty acids included iso-C14:0, iso-C16:0, and iso-C16:0 DMA. Based on biochemical, chemotaxonomic, and phylogenetic evidence it is proposed that the unknown bacterium be classified as a new species, Peptostreptococcus canis sp. nov. The type strain is CCUG 57081T.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)597-601
Number of pages5
JournalAnaerobe
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2012

Keywords

  • 16S RNA
  • Canine
  • CCUG
  • Peptostreptococci
  • Phylogeny
  • Taxonomy

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