In recent years, electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) have been falsely advertised as safe alternatives to conventional smoking. We report a case involving a 16-year-old female who presented with fever, nonproductive cough, and shortness of breath after vaping e-cig/tetrahydrocannabinol dab pen. Her symptoms rapidly deteriorated and met diagnostic criteria for pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome. Chest radiograph revealed extensive patchy airspace disease and computed tomography scan showed bilateral ground glass opacities. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid revealed increased neutrophils, lymphocytosis, but absent eosinophilia. After the results of a comprehensive workup for infectious etiology returned negative, she was diagnosed with hypersensitivity pneumonitis and started on systemic corticosteroids.
- hypersensitivity pneumonitis
- pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome
- electronic cigarette