Parents and peers as protective factors among adolescents exposed to neighborhood risk

Michael M. Criss, Amy M. Smith, Amanda Sheffield Morris, Chao Liu, Rebecca L. Hubbard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to examine the link between neighborhood risk and adolescent antisocial behavior and whether this association was moderated by parent and peer relationships and characteristics. We also explored whether the moderating effects varied by age. The sample consisted of 206 adolescents (ages 10–18 years) from predominantly low-income, ethnic minority families. Results indicated that high levels of neighborhood violence and neighborhood danger were significantly related to high levels of antisocial behavior. The findings also showed that high levels of peer (but not parent) prosocial behavior and emotion regulation attenuated the links between neighborhood violence and antisocial behavior. Moreover, parent-adolescent (but not peer-adolescent) relationship quality served as a protective factor in the face of neighborhood violence and danger. In addition, little evidence of age differences in the moderating effects of parents and peers was found. Implications regarding the role of interpersonal relationships in the context of risk are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-138
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Applied Developmental Psychology
StatePublished - Nov 2017


  • Adolescence
  • Antisocial behavior
  • Neighborhood risk
  • Neighborhood violence
  • Parenting
  • Peer relationships
  • Resilience


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