Parentage Testing and Kinship Analysis

Robert W. Allen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Many publically funded forensic DNA laboratories in the United States. do not apply their DNA typing skills to resolving cases that involve questioned family relationships, choosing to contract the testing or perhaps the statistical calculations with private parentage testing laboratories. Although crime laboratories will acknowledge that parentage testing is occasionally needed (for rape cases leading to conception for example or the identification of human remains), these cases are fairly infrequent and may be better processed by outside laboratories that specialize in parentage testing. This viewpoint is slowly changing however due to the recent interest in searching of the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) Combined DNA Index System (CODIS) or genealogical databases to advance cold case investigations. These applications and others highlight the need for crime laboratories to understand the methodological and statistical approach to family relationship testing that is the focus of this article.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Forensic Sciences
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 1-4, Third Edition
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9780128236789
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2022


  • DNA polymorphisms
  • DNA typing
  • Human remains identification
  • Parentage testing
  • Relationship testing
  • Small tandem repeat testing


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