Opportunities to use drugs and the transition to drug use among adolescents from Caracas, Venezuela

Ronald B. Cox, Julie M. Croff, Isaac J. Washburn, Chao Liu

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Few studies have examined exposure to drug use and the lag between exposure and use. This paper estimates prevalence of opportunity to use a substance, for use, and for use given an opportunity to use among a sample of Venezuelan adolescents. Several covariates on the opportunity to use and the transition to use are also examined. Findings show that lifetime prevalence of substance use among Venezuelan adolescents increases dramatically and more closely resembles rates among US and European samples when having had an opportunity to use was taken into account. A majority of youth who transitioned to use did so the same year exposure occurred, and females had a shorter time difference compared to males. Covariates primarily predicted exposure rather than having used after controlling for exposure, and their effects varied by substance. Implications for prevention efforts are discussed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)246-260
    Number of pages15
    JournalJournal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
    Volume16
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 3 Apr 2017

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    Venezuela
    drug use
    adolescent
    Pharmaceutical Preparations
    time

    Keywords

    • Adolescent
    • family
    • gender
    • prevention
    • substance use
    • Venezuela

    Cite this

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    Opportunities to use drugs and the transition to drug use among adolescents from Caracas, Venezuela. / Cox, Ronald B.; Croff, Julie M.; Washburn, Isaac J.; Liu, Chao.

    In: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse, Vol. 16, No. 2, 03.04.2017, p. 246-260.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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