Obesogenic behaviors and depressive symptoms' influence on cardiometabolic risk factors in American indian children

Michelle Dennison, Susan B. Sisson, Lancer Stephens, Amanda S. Morris, Christopher Aston, Carol Dionne, Allen Knehans, R. D. Dickens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: American Indian (AI) populations suffer disproportionately from cardiovascular disease and depression as compared to other racial/ethnic groups. Behaviors that contribute to obesity are considered obesogenic and include poor diet, low physical activity, and high screen time. This study examined the relationship between depressive symptoms and obesogenic behaviors on cardiometabolic risk factors in AI youth. Methods: Participants (n=121) were evaluated for depressive symptoms, obesogenic behaviors, weight, blood pressure, lipids, and glucose levels. Results: All participants failed to meet guidelines for intake of sugarsweetened beverages and fruits/vegetables, 74% did not meet physical activity guidelines, and 85% did not meet screen time guidelines. Lower physical activity was associated with higher body fat percentage (β=-4.20 ± 1.82, p=0.022). Elevated depressive symptoms and presence of at-risk cardiometabolic risk factors were found. Higher depressive symptoms were associated with higher blood glucose (random, fasting, and hemoglobin A1c) Conclusions: Low physical activity, high screen time, and the presence of depressive symptomology heighten cardio-metabolic risk factors in AI children. Associations between depressive symptoms and blood glucose underscore the impact of emotional health on cardiometabolic disease and emphasize need for proper depression assessment in chronic disease prevention efforts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-107
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Allied Health
Volume48
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

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Dennison, M., Sisson, S. B., Stephens, L., Morris, A. S., Aston, C., Dionne, C., ... Dickens, R. D. (2019). Obesogenic behaviors and depressive symptoms' influence on cardiometabolic risk factors in American indian children. Journal of Allied Health, 48(2), 100-107.