This work presents the design and synthesis of a series of novel 2-benzylquinuclidine derivatives, comprising 12 methiodide and 11 hydrochloride salts, and their structural and pharmacological characterization at the human (h) α7 and α4β2 nicotinic receptors (nAChRs). The antagonistic potency of these compounds was tested by Ca2+ influx assays on cells expressing the hα7 or hα4β2 nAChR subtype. To determine the inhibitory mechanisms, additional radioligand binding experiments were performed. The results indicate that the methiodides present the highest affinities for the hα7 nAChR agonist sites, while the same compounds bind preferably to the hα4β2 nAChR ion channel domain. These results indicate that the methiodides are competitive antagonists of the hα7 nAChR but noncompetitive antagonists of the hα4β2 subtype. Docking and molecular dynamics simulations showed that the methiodide derivative 8d binds to the hα7 orthosteric binding sites by forming stable cation-π interactions between the quaternized quinulinuim moiety and the aromatic box in the receptor, whereas compounds 7j and 8j block the hα4β2 AChR ion channel by interacting with a luminal domain formed between the serine (position 6′) and valine (position 13′) rings that overlaps the imipramine binding site.
|Number of pages
|International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology
|Published - 11 Sep 2013
- Competitive antagonists
- Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors
- Noncompetitive antagonists
- Structure-activity relationship