Morphological evidence for cyclic AMP-induced reverse transformation in vole cells infected with avian sarcoma virus

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Abstract

Normal fibroblasts of the vole displayed moderately spread or flattened, spindle-shaped, or polygonal morphologies and attached firmly to a substrate. Topographic features of these cells included sparse microvilli, ruffles, and filopodia. Microfilament bundles, intermediate filaments, and long microtubules generally parallel to each other, and the long axis of the cell or its extensions were present in the cytoplasm. Fibronectin was abundant, and fibronectin fibrils often formed junctions at the cell membrane with microfilament bundles. Transformation with avian sarcoma virus converted 90% of the cell to spheres 5 to 10 μm in diameter. In contrast to the normal vole cells, microfilament bundles were absent, microtubules were short and randomly arranged, and fibronectin was no longer visible. Exposure to dibutyryl cyclic AMP and testololactone caused a majority of the spherical cells to stretch and flatten, a process referred to as reverse transformation. Microtubules radiated out to the cell periphery and became parallel in cell extensions, while long microfilament bundles appeared in the cytoplasm. Parallel intermediate filaments were arranged throughout the cell. This ultrastructural analysis of reverse transformation in avian sarcoma virus-transformed vole cells detailed the status of the cytoskeletal system and showed agreement with earlier findings using indirect immunofluorescence.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)863
Number of pages874
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume2
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1982

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