Longitudinal Relations among Parental Emotional Expressivity, Children's Regulation, and Quality of Socioemotional Functioning

Nancy Eisenberg, Carlos Valiente, Amanda Morris, Richard A. Fabes, Amanda Cumberland, Mark Reiser, Elizabeth Thompson Gershoff, Stephanie A. Shepard, Sandra Losoya

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Abstract

The role of regulation as a mediator of the relations between maternal emotional expressivity and children's adjustment and social competence was examined when children (N = 208) were 4.5 to just 8 years old (Time 1, T1) and 2 years later (Time 2, T2). At T2, as at T1, regulation mediated the relation between positive maternal emotional expressivity and children's functioning. When T1 relations and the stability of variables over time were controlled for in a structural equation model, T2 relations generally were nonsignificant, although parents' dominant negative expressivity predicted high regulation. In contrast, in regressions, the findings for parent positive expressivity, but not negative expressivity, held at T2 when T1 variables were controlled. Thus, relations for negative expressivity, but not positive expressivity, changed with age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-19
Number of pages17
JournalDevelopmental Psychology
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2003

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Eisenberg, N., Valiente, C., Morris, A., Fabes, R. A., Cumberland, A., Reiser, M., Gershoff, E. T., Shepard, S. A., & Losoya, S. (2003). Longitudinal Relations among Parental Emotional Expressivity, Children's Regulation, and Quality of Socioemotional Functioning. Developmental Psychology, 39(1), 3-19. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.39.1.3