Late Pleistocene vertebrates from a rockshelter in Cimarron County, Oklahoma

Nicholas J. Czaplewski, Kent Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We studied fossils of late Pleistocene vertebrates that were excavated in 1940 from a small rockshelter in Cimarron County, Oklahoma. The assemblage consists of a Canada goose (Branta canadensis) and 14 mammals. Most of the mammals are large or medium-sized indicating a bias in the method of collecting. The assemblage includes Branta canadensis, Mammuthus cf. M. columbi, Cynomys, Neotoma, Lepus, Sylvilagus, Vulpes velox, Canis latrans, Canis lupus, cf. Lynx, Equus cf. conversidens, Equus cf. niobrarensis, Camelops hesternus, Antilocapridae, and Bison. Noteworthy among these is one of the few available late Pleistocene records of the swift fox, Vulpes velox. A piece of enamel from the mammoth at the locality yielded a radiocarbon age of 23,980 ± 130 years before present.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)399-411
Number of pages13
JournalSouthwestern Naturalist
Volume57
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2012

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Branta canadensis
Vulpes
vertebrate
Equus
mammal
vertebrates
Pleistocene
Antilocapridae
enamel
mammals
Sylvilagus
Neotoma
Cynomys
Lynx
Lepus
bison
Canis latrans
Apodidae
Canis lupus
fossil

Cite this

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Late Pleistocene vertebrates from a rockshelter in Cimarron County, Oklahoma. / Czaplewski, Nicholas J.; Smith, Kent.

In: Southwestern Naturalist, Vol. 57, No. 4, 01.12.2012, p. 399-411.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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