Ketamine to avoid mechanical ventilation in severe pediatric asthma

T. Kent Denmark, Heather A. Crane, Lance Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Children experiencing severe asthma exacerbations may deteriorate to respiratory failure requiring endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation. Mechanical ventilation is often life saving in this setting, but also exposes the asthmatic child to substantial iatrogenic risk. We present two cases of severe asthma exacerbations in prepubertal children for whom the administration of a bolus of intravenous ketamine followed by a continuous infusion of a relatively large dose of ketamine led to prompt improvement, obviating the need for mechanical ventilation. These cases suggest that for children experiencing severe asthma exacerbations, intravenous ketamine may be an effective temporizing measure to avoid exposing these children to the risks associated with mechanical ventilation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-166
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Emergency Medicine
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Emergency Department
  • Intubation
  • Ketamine
  • Status asthmaticus

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