Into the Unknown: Examining Neural Representations of Parent–Adolescent Interactions

Erin L. Ratliff, Kara L. Kerr, Masaya Misaki, Kelly T. Cosgrove, Andrew J. Moore, Danielle C. DeVille, Jennifer S. Silk, Deanna M. Barch, Susan F. Tapert, W. Kyle Simmons, Jerzy Bodurka, Amanda Sheffield Morris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The parent–adolescent relationship is important for adolescents’ emotion regulation (ER), yet little is known regarding the neural patterns of dyadic ER that occur during parent–adolescent interactions. A novel measure that can be used to examine such patterns is cross-brain connectivity (CBC)—concurrent and time-lagged connectivity between two individuals’ brain regions. This study sought to provide evidence of CBC and explore associations between CBC, parenting, and adolescent internalizing symptoms. Thirty-five adolescents (mean age = 15 years, 69% female, 72% Non-Hispanic White, 17% Black, 11% Hispanic or Latino) and one biological parent (94% female) completed an fMRI hyperscanning conflict discussion task. Results revealed CBC between emotion-related brain regions. Exploratory analyses indicated CBC is associated with parenting and adolescent depressive symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e1361-e1376
JournalChild Development
Volume92
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2021

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