Unlike most hydrophobic molecules, the biocide triclosan is able to penetrate the gram-negative bacterial outer membrane. The nosocomial opportunists Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Serratia marcesens are typically resistant to triclosan due largely to outer membrane impermeability properties for hydrophobic substances. However, we have recently shown that the degree of outer membrane involvement differs among disparate opportunistically pathogenic Serratia species. Cell surface hydrophobicity (CSH) properties underlie susceptivity to triclosan sensitization by outer membrane permeabilization in opportunistic Serratia species. A model system consisting of opportunistic Serratia species (marcesens, fonticola, and odorifera) exhibiting disparate degrees of susceptivity to hydrophobic antibacterial agents and triclosansensitization by outer membrane permeabilizer compound 48/80 were examined. Overall susceptibility to disparate hydrophobic antibacterial agents was determined using conventional disc agar diffusion and macrobroth dilution bioassays. Batch culture kinetics with triclosan and outer membrane permeabilizer compound 48/80 allowed analysis of cell envelope involvement in intrinsic triclosan resistance. CSH was determined using the hydrocarbon adherence method. S. marcesens and S. fonticola intrinsically resistant to hydrophobic antibacterial agents including triclosan, while S. odorifera was susceptible. CSH properties differed only slightly compared with control organisms, regardless of how susceptive they were to triclosan sensitization. These data suggest that the phenotypic differences seen in three opportunistic Serratia species with regard to intrinsic resistance to triclosan are at least partly due to disparate outer membrane exclusion potential. Moreover, susceptivity to triclosan sensitization by outer membrane permeabilization appears not to be influenced by CSH properties.
|Original language||American English|
|State||Published - 22 Aug 2020|
|Event||Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences Research Day 2019 - Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences, TULSA, United States|
Duration: 21 Feb 2019 → 22 Feb 2019
|Conference||Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences Research Day 2019|
|Abbreviated title||Research Day 2019|
|Period||21/02/19 → 22/02/19|