Inequities in Epilepsy: A Scoping Review

Merhawit Ghebrehiwet, Katherine Cox, Danya Brewer Nees, Bryan Dunford, Samuel M. Jacobsen, Rigel Bacani, Matt Vassar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Objectives: The objective of this study was to complete a scoping review of current literature surrounding health inequities in epilepsy while providing recommendations for future research. Methods: During July 2022, we searched MEDLINE and Ovid Embase to find published articles pertaining to epilepsy and health inequities. Initially, authors received training. Authors then screened, and data were extracted in a masked duplicate manner. Studies published within the time frame of 2011-2021 in all countries were deemed appropriate. We screened 5,325 studies for titles and abstracts and then 56 studies for full text. We evaluated the inequities of race/ethnicity, sex or gender, income, occupation status, education level, under-resourced/rural population, and LGBTQ+. To summarize the data and descriptive statistics of our study, we used Stata 17.0 (StataCorp, LLC, College Station, TX). Results: We obtained a sample size of 45 studies for study inclusion. The most reported health inequities were income (18/45, 40.0%), under-resourced/rural population (15/45, 33.3%), and race/ethnicity (15/45, 33.3%). The least reported health inequity was LGBTQ+ (0/45, 0.0%). Discussion The findings of our study suggest that gaps exist in literature concerning epilepsy and inequities. The inequities of income status, under-resourced/rural population, and race/ethnicity were examined the most, while LGBTQ+, occupation status, and sex or gender were examined the least. With the ultimate goal of more equitable and patient-centered care in mind, it is vital that future studies endeavor to fill in these determined gaps.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere200211
JournalNeurology: Clinical Practice
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2 Dec 2023


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