Purpose: In the United States, adolescents (those 13–18 years old) are a key age group of those at risk for and affected by HIV. Although HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), one promising HIV prevention tool, is approved for eligible adolescents to use, adolescent access to PrEP is limited by primary care providers' (PCPs) willingness to prescribe it. This study examined which Theoretical Domains Framework factors are associated with PCPs' intention to prescribe PrEP to sexually active adolescents. Methods: A total of 770 licensed PCPs practicing family medicine, internal medicine, or pediatrics in the United States completed an online cross-sectional questionnaire. Participants were recruited through a Qualtrics panel. We used a hierarchical regression to assess the association of demographic characteristics, sexual health care practices, and the 10 Theoretical Domains Framework factors with intention to prescribe PrEP to sexually active adolescents aged 13–18 years old. Results: Although nearly all PCPs had heard about PrEP (90.9%), 30.6% ever prescribed PrEP to an adolescent. Intention to prescribe PrEP to sexually active adolescents was associated with seven out of the 10 Theoretical Domains Framework factors: knowledge, skills, professional role, belief capacity, belief consequence, environmental resource, social influence, and emotion. Discussion: Our findings demonstrate that the Theoretical Domains Framework can be employed to understand the intrapersonal, interpersonal, and environmental factors associated with PCPs' intention to prescribe sexually active adolescents PrEP. Implementation strategies are needed to implement interventions that improve provider knowledge, attitudes, and skills related to prescribing PrEP to eligible adolescents.
- Physician prescribing pattern
- Pre-exposure prophylaxis
- Primary care physicians
- Sexual health
- Theoretical Domains framework