The primary aim of the present study was to determine the impact of acute changes in shear rate patterns, in particular retrograde shear rate, on microvascular function in 15 healthy, young men and women as determined via the post-occlusive near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) microvascular reactivity response. Microvascular reactivity, via NIRS-derived measurements of post-occlusion tissue saturation index (TSI%) and total microvascular hemoglobin + myoglobin concentration ([Hb]total), were assessed in each participant before and immediately after exposure to a 30 min retrograde shear treatment. Retrograde shear was achieved via a blood pressure cuff placed below the knee inflated to 75 mm Hg. One leg was exposed to the retrograde shear (Treatment leg) and the contralateral leg served as a non-treatment control. In the Treatment leg, significant increases in retrograde shear rate occurred during the retrograde intervention. Following the intervention, the area under the TSI% post-occlusion response curve, which represents the total microvascular reactivity response, and the absolute peak TSI% response were significantly increased compared to pre-intervention in the Treatment leg, but not the Control leg. The absolute peak [Hb]total response was significantly increased post-intervention in both legs. These results are in contrast to our hypothesis that 75 mm Hg cuff inflation, designed to increase retrograde shear rate in the femoral artery would negatively affect post-occlusive microvascular reactivity. These data suggest that the current method of increasing retrograde shear rate in the intact human does not adversely impact NIRS derived measurements of microvascular reactivity.
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Mar 2018|