How compliant is compliant? Evaluating adherence with breast self-exam positions

Vivian M. Stevens, Joseph W. Hatcher, Barbara K. Bruce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The present study examined compliance with the three recommended breast self-examination (BSE) positions over a 6-month follow-up period. An ongoing behavioral measure that provided information about the type of exam performed during each BSE occasion was employed. Results indicated that adherence to all three position types was obtained in only 40% of the exams. Forty-two percent of exams were comprised of only one position, with the supine position being the most frequently practiced exam type. Implications of these results with regard to BSE research and current breast cancer screening recommendations are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)523-534
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1994


  • breast cancer
  • breast self-examination
  • compliance
  • positions


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