Health Inequities in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Literature: A Scoping Review

Zachariah Fisher, Griffin Hughes, Jordan Staggs, Ty Moore, Nicholas Kinder, Matt Vassar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Although life saving, health inequities exist regarding access and patient outcomes in Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), especially among marginalized groups. This scoping review's goal is to outline existing literature and highlight gaps for future research. Researchers followed guidance from the Joanna Briggs Institute and PRISMA extension for scoping reviews. We conducted a search to identify articles published between 2016 and 2022 regarding CABG and inequity groups, defined by the National Institutes of Health. Fifty-seven articles were included in our final sample. Race/Ethnicity was examined in 39 incidences, Sex or Gender 29 times, Income 17 instances, Geography 10 instances, and Education Level 3 instances. Occupation Status 2 instances, and LGBTQ+ 0 times. Important disparities exist regarding CABG access and outcomes, especially involving members of the LGBTQ+, Native American, and Black communities. Further research is needed to address health disparities and their root causes for focused action and improved health of minoritized groups.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101640
JournalCurrent Problems in Cardiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2023


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