Greater adherence to a Mediterranean diet is associated with lower prevalence of colorectal adenomas in men of all races

Alyson Haslam, Sara Wagner Robb, James R. Hébert, Hanwen Huang, Mark H. Ebell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


To examine potential racial differences in Mediterranean diet scores and whether these differences are associated with the prevalence of colorectal adenoma (CRA), a cross-sectional analysis of data from the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial was performed. The authors hypothesize that people consuming a more Mediterranean-like diet have lower odds of CRA. Flexible sigmoidoscopy was used to determine the presence of colorectal adenoma. Mediterranean diet scores were calculated from food frequency questionnaire responses. Logistic regression was used to determine the association between Mediterranean diet scores and the odds of prevalent CRA, as well as the joint effects of race and diet. Asians, followed by blacks, had higher Mediterranean diet scores than whites. Generally, men with better Mediterranean diet scores (altMED) had lower odds of CRA, but black and Asian men had even lower odds of prevalent CRA with better altMED diet scores than did white men with higher altMED diet scores. In this study population, all men had lower odds of prevalent CRA, but black and Asian men, who had higher (more favorable) altMED diet scores than whites, had even lower odds of prevalent CRA compared with white men. An altMED diet prescription may be especially beneficial for certain subpopulations who may be at higher risk of CRA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-84
Number of pages9
JournalNutrition Research
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2017
Externally publishedYes



  • Colorectal adenoma
  • Epidemiology
  • Mediterranean diet
  • Racial disparities

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