Gender matters: Condom use and nonuse among behaviorally bisexual men

Randolph D. Hubach, Brian Dodge, Gabriel Goncalves, David Malebranche, Michael Reece, Barbara Van Der Pol, Omar Martinez, Phillip W. Schnarrs, Ryan Nix, J. Dennis Fortenberry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Although frequently cited as being at high risk for HIV/STI transmission, little is known about behaviorally bisexual men's patterns and experiences of condom use and nonuse with male and female sexual partners. Using a variety of recruitment techniques informed by a Community Advisory Committee, a total of 77 behaviorally bisexual men were recruited from Indianapolis, Indiana to participate in semi-structured interviews focused on sexual health. Qualitative data were collected containing detailed information on their patterns and experiences of condom use and nonuse with both male and female partners. Participants described numerous commonly reported barriers for consistent condom use, as well as distinct bisexual-specific barriers. The majority reported consistent condom use with male and female casual partners, but many who did not use condoms described doing so in the context of ongoing relationships. In addition, participants provided reasons for condom use and nonuse that varied based on the gender of the partner and the type of relationship with the partner. Future interventions focused on increasing condom use among behaviorally bisexual men should take into account the unique complexities of gender and relationship configurations in this distinct population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)707-717
Number of pages11
JournalArchives of Sexual Behavior
Issue number4
StatePublished - May 2014


  • Bisexual men
  • Bisexuality
  • Condom use
  • Gender
  • Sexual behavior


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