Cardiopulmonary afferents, baroreceptor afferents, or atrial natriuretic peptide binding to circumventricular organs may mediate the central response to volume expansion, a condition common to pregnancy, exercise training, and congestive heart failure. This study used Fos immunocytochemistry to examine brain regions activated by volume expansion. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were infused with isotonic saline equal to 10% of their body weight in 10 min followed by a maintenance infusion of 0.5 ml/min for 110 min. Control animals received 2-h infusions at 0.01 ml/min. Five minutes after the start of volume expansion, central venous pressure of expanded animals was significantly greater than control animals. The volume-expanded group exhibited significantly greater Fos activation (P < 0.05) in the area postrema, nucleus of the solitary tract, caudal ventrolateral medulla, paraventricular nucleus, supraoptic nucleus, and perinuclear zone of the supraoptic nucleus. Double labeling indicates that oxytocinergic neurons in the supraoptic nucleus are activated. Neurons in brain regions known to inhibit both sympathetic activity and vasopressin release show increased Fos expression following isotonic volume expansion.
|American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
|Published - May 1998
- Atrial natriuretic peptide
- Cardiopulmonary receptors