Food Insecurity Among American Indians and Alaska Natives: A National Profile Using the Current Population Survey–Food Security Supplement

Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan, Kimberly R. Huyser, Jimmy Valdes, Vanessa Watts Simonds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Food insecurity increases the risk for obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and cancer—conditions highly prevalent among American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs). Using the Current Population Survey Food Security Supplement, we analyzed the food insecurity trends of AI/ANs compared to other racial and ethnic groups in the United States from 2000 to 2010. From 2000 to 2010, 25% of AI/ANs remained consistently food insecure and AI/ANs were twice as likely to be food insecure compared to whites. Urban AI/ANs were more likely to experience food insecurity than rural AI/ANs. Our findings highlight the need for national and tribal policies that expand food assistance programs; promote and support increased access to healthy foods and community food security, in both rural and urban areas; and reduce the burden of diet-related disparities on low-income and racial/ethnic minority populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Jan 2017

Fingerprint

Food Supply
North American Indians
nutrition situation
American Indian
supplement
food
Population
Food
Food Assistance
Dietary Supplements
Ethnic Groups
artificial intelligence
hypertension
Obesity
national minority
chronic illness
Alaska Natives
ethnic group
Diet
urban area

Keywords

  • Alaska native
  • American Indian
  • current population survey
  • food environments
  • food security
  • obesity

Cite this

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Food Insecurity Among American Indians and Alaska Natives : A National Profile Using the Current Population Survey–Food Security Supplement. / Jernigan, Valarie Blue Bird; Huyser, Kimberly R.; Valdes, Jimmy; Simonds, Vanessa Watts.

In: Journal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition, Vol. 12, No. 1, 02.01.2017, p. 1-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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