Factor structure of scores from the maslach burnout inventory: A review and meta-analysis of 45 exploratory and confirmatory factor-analytic studies

Jody A. Worley, Matt Vassar, Denna L. Wheeler, Laura L.B. Barnes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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This study provides a summary of 45 exploratory and confirmatory factor-analytic studies that examined the internal structure of scores obtained from the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). It highlights characteristics of the studies that account for differences in reporting of the MBI factor structure. This approach includes an examination of the various sample characteristics, forms of the instrument, factor-analytic methods, and the reported factor structure across studies that have attempted to examine the dimensionality of the MBI. This study also investigates the dimensionality of MBI scale scores using meta-analysis. Both descriptive and empirical analysis supported a three-factor model. The pattern of reported dimensions across validation studies should enhance understanding of the structural dimensions that the MBI measures as well as provide a more meaningful interpretation of its test scores.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)797-823
Number of pages27
JournalEducational and Psychological Measurement
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2008



  • Burnout
  • Construct validity
  • Dimensionality
  • Factor structure
  • Meta-analysis

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