Factor structure of scores from the maslach burnout inventory: A review and meta-analysis of 45 exploratory and confirmatory factor-analytic studies

Jody A. Worley, Matt Vassar, Denna Wheeler, Laura L.B. Barnes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

94 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study provides a summary of 45 exploratory and confirmatory factor-analytic studies that examined the internal structure of scores obtained from the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). It highlights characteristics of the studies that account for differences in reporting of the MBI factor structure. This approach includes an examination of the various sample characteristics, forms of the instrument, factor-analytic methods, and the reported factor structure across studies that have attempted to examine the dimensionality of the MBI. This study also investigates the dimensionality of MBI scale scores using meta-analysis. Both descriptive and empirical analysis supported a three-factor model. The pattern of reported dimensions across validation studies should enhance understanding of the structural dimensions that the MBI measures as well as provide a more meaningful interpretation of its test scores.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)797-823
Number of pages27
JournalEducational and Psychological Measurement
Volume68
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2008

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Factor Structure
burnout
Meta-Analysis
Equipment and Supplies
Dimensionality
Validation Studies
Score Test
Factor Models
Empirical Analysis
Review
Internal
examination
interpretation

Keywords

  • Burnout
  • Construct validity
  • Dimensionality
  • Factor structure
  • Meta-analysis

Cite this

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