Extracurricular Activities, Screen Media Activity, and Sleep May Be Modifiable Factors Related to Children’s Cognitive Functioning: Evidence From the ABCD Study®

Namik Kirlic, Janna M. Colaizzi, Kelly T. Cosgrove, Zsofia P. Cohen, Hung Wen Yeh, Florence Breslin, Amanda S. Morris, Robin L. Aupperle, Manpreet K. Singh, Martin P. Paulus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study used a machine learning framework in conjunction with a large battery of measures from 9,718 school-age children (ages 9–11) from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive DevelopmentSM (ABCD) Study to identify factors associated with fluid cognitive functioning (FCF), or the capacity to learn, solve problems, and adapt to novel situations. The identified algorithm explained 14.74% of the variance in FCF, replicating previously reported socioeconomic and mental health contributors to FCF, and adding novel and potentially modifiable contributors, including extracurricular involvement, screen media activity, and sleep duration. Pragmatic interventions targeting these contributors may enhance cognitive performance and protect against their negative impact on FCF in children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2035-2052
Number of pages18
JournalChild Development
Volume92
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2021

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