Examination of reporting status of pediatric oncology trials within the national library of medicine’s trial database

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Finding safer and more effective treatment options are critical in progressing the field of pediatric oncology. These treatment options are discovered through completion and publication of clinical trials. The primary objective of this study was to assess the overall study characteristics of pediatric oncology clinical trials initiated between 2008 and 2021. The secondary objective of our study was to assess rates of discontinuation and reporting of results as required by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). After acquiring pediatric oncology clinical trials from ClinicalTrials.gov, a cross-sectional study was performed. Included trials have an intervention exclusive to pediatrics and were conducted between 2008 and 2021. The results measured were characteristics of the clinical trials and their rate of discontinuation. Of the 7,930 trials originally returned from the search, 349 trials met inclusion criteria. The majority of the trials were phase 1 and 2 pharmaceutical interventions studying brain and blood cancer. Our study found that 14.9% (52) of the pediatric oncology trials were discontinued. Given the breadth of study within pediatric oncology, our overarching assessment shows that drug trials geared toward treating cancers of the brain and blood were dominant in the field. It is crucial for the advancement of science that results of trials are known. This avoids duplication of studies and waste of funds. Of the trials that were completed, 40.3% (58) did not report results to ClinicalTrials.gov. The nonreporting of this data limits the information available delaying the advancement of treatment options.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)766-777
Number of pages12
JournalPediatric Hematology and Oncology
Issue number8
StateAccepted/In press - 2023


  • Clinical trials
  • pediatric oncology
  • trial discontinuation


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