Background: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) significantly reduces a woman’s quality of life (QoL). Use of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) is increasing in randomized control trials RCTs and standardization is paramount. We aim to evaluate completeness of reporting of RCTs for surgical management of SUI in females based on an adaptation of the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials statement with PRO extension (CONSORT-PRO).

Study Design: A literature search was conducted and returns were screened using Rayyan. After title and abstract screening, a full-text screen was conducted for final inclusions. All RCTs meeting inclusion criteria were evaluated using an adaptation of the CONSORT-PRO extension checklist and the Cochrane Collaboration risk of bias assessment tool (RoB). Completion percentages of CONSORT-PRO were calculated and a bivariate regression evaluated associations between trial characteristics and CONSORT-PRO adaptation completeness.

Results: After full-text screening, 43 RCTs were included for data extraction and analysis. Mean completion percentage of the CONSORT-PRO adaptation was 50.53% (SD=15.63). A total of 38 (of 43; 88.37%) RCTs received a RoB 2.0 rating of ‘some concern’. RCTs with follow-up longer than 3 months had higher CONSORT-PRO adaptation completion of statistical significance: 3-6 months(P=0.049), 6-12 months (P=0.009), greater than 12 months (P=0.021). Reporting a conflict of interest (P<0.001) and reporting no conflict of interest (P=0.048) also had statistically significant results with higher reporting completeness when compared to studies without a conflict of interest statement.

Conclusions: PROs are used as measures to understand a patient’s experience with a condition. Our results suggest CONSORT-PRO adaptation reporting completeness of RCTs about surgical management of SUI in women is suboptimal. Improving reporting completeness through adherence to the CONSORT-PRO extension checklist can better inform clinical decision making and lead to improved QoL.

Level of Evidence: N/A
Original languageAmerican English
StatePublished - 18 Feb 2022
EventOklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences Research Week 2022 : Poster Presentation - Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences, Tulsa, United States
Duration: 14 Feb 202218 Feb 2022


ConferenceOklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences Research Week 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • patient-reported outcomes
  • urinary incontinence
  • quality of life


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