Evaluating Reporting Completeness of Patient-Reported Outcomes in Esophageal Motility Disorders: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

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Abstract

Esophageal motility disorders (EMD) can have significant effects on quality of life. Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) provide valuable insight into the patient’s perspective on their treatment and are becoming increasingly used in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Thus, our investigation aims to evaluate the completeness of reporting of PROs in RCTs pertaining to EMDs. We searched MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for published RCTs focused on EMDs. Included RCTs were published between 2006 and 2020, reported a primary outcome related to an EMDs, and listed at least one PRO measure as a primary or secondary outcome. Investigators screened and extracted data in a masked, duplicate fashion. Data extraction was carried out using both the CONSORT-PRO adaptation and Cochrane Collaboration Risk of Bias 2.0 tool. We assessed overall mean percent completion of the CONSORT-PRO adaptation and a bivariate regression analysis was used to assess relationships between trial characteristics and completeness of reporting. The overall mean percent completion of the CONSORT-PRO checklist adaptation was 43.86% (SD = 17.03). RCTs with a primary PRO had a mean completeness of 47.73% (SD = 17.32) and RCTs with a secondary PRO was 35.36% (SD = 13.52). RCTs with a conflict of interest statement were 18.15% (SE = 6.5) more complete (t = 2.79, P =.009) than trials lacking a statement. No additional significant associations between trial characteristics and completeness of reporting were found. PRO reporting completeness in RCTs focused on EMDs was inadequate. We urge EMD researchers to prioritize complete PRO reporting to foster patient-centered research for future RCTs on EMDs.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDysphagia
DOIs
StatePublished - 22 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Completeness of reporting
  • CONSORT-PRO
  • Esophageal motility disorder
  • Patient-reported outcomes
  • Quality of life
  • Randomized controlled trials

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