Evaluating deformation in Spheroolithus dinosaur eggs from Zhejiang, China

Hannah M. Wilson, Christian T. Heck, David J. Varricchio, Frankie D. Jackson, Xingsheng Jin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lack of stratigraphic context for dinosaur eggs inhibits understanding of dinosaur reproductive biology and the taphonomic processes of egg preservation. Past taphonomic work suggests two features, compression ridges (sharp edge of broken eggshell around egg circumference) and deformation asymmetry (proportion of crushed to rounded sides of the egg), as geopetal structures. We examined these features across a large sample of Spheroolithus eggs from the Cretaceous of Zhejiang, China, to test their utility. On 103 isolated eggs, we determined asymmetry ratios (crushed side egg height divided by rounded side egg height) and observed an average asymmetry ratio of 0.71. Additional observations of in situ eggs demonstrate the stratigraphic downside as more rounded and less fractured, the stratigraphic upside as flatter with heavier fracturing and compression ridges as parallel to original bedding plane. Burial-caused fractures on the upper side of the egg allowed sediment to partially fill, subsequently supporting the bottom portion. Examining these features within 16 clutches allowed differentiation of biotic versus taphonomically altered arrangements. Three common clutch arrangements include planar (minimal egg overlap), offset (extreme overlap) and agglomerate (randomly arranged, closely packed). Analysis of egg strike and dip across clutches favours planar clutches as the principal configuration for Spheroolithus clutches.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-182
Number of pages10
JournalHistorical Biology
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • asymmetry
  • compression
  • deformation
  • orientation
  • Spheroolithus
  • Zhejiang

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