Estrogen influences stimulated water intake by ovariectomized female rats

Eric G. Krause, Kathleen S. Curtis, Linda M. Davis, Jennifer R. Stowe, Robert J. Contreras

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To further elucidate the influence of estrogen on water consumption, we examined water intake by adult female rats stimulated by water deprivation, injection of hypertonic saline or injection of isoproterenol (ISOP), a β-adrenergic agonist that activates the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Rats were ovariectomized (OVX) then injected with estradiol benzoate (EB; 10 μg/0.1 ml oil) or the oil vehicle (OIL; 0.1 ml) for 2 consecutive days. Twenty-four hours after the second injection, rats were deprived of food and water. On the following day, rats were given water and intake was measured after 2 h. EB significantly decreased water intake compared with that by OIL-treated rats following water deprivation. Two additional groups of adult female rats were OVX and treated with EB or OIL. Forty-eight hours after EB or OIL treatment, rats were injected with hypertonic saline (1 ml of 2 M NaCl) or ISOP (30 μg/kg in 0.15 M saline) and water intake was measured after 2 h. EB significantly attenuated water intake following ISOP but not after hypertonic saline. Finally, we examined plasma sodium concentration (pNa) after hypertonic saline and plasma renin activity (PRA) after ISOP in EB- and OIL-treated rats and found no differences in pNa or PRA. These results suggest that the stimuli for water intake after hypertonic saline and ISOP were comparable in EB- and OIL-treated rats. Taken together, these results raise the possibility that EB attenuation of stimulated water intake is specific to water intake elicited by activation of the RAS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-274
Number of pages8
JournalPhysiology and Behavior
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 2003


  • Angiotensin II
  • Hypernatremia
  • Isoproterenol
  • Plasma renin activity
  • Plasma sodium concentration


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