Moral emotions are presumed to play an important role in socioemotional development and social behavior (e.g. Hoffman, 2000; Eisenberg, 2000). Children and adolescents who experience others' emotions, concern for others, and emotions such as guilt and shame are expected to behave in ways that are responsive to others' feelings, social cues, norms, and cultural values regarding interactions with others. In this chapter, we review research on the normative development of empathy/sympathy, shame, and guilt and on their sociocognitive and socioemotional correlates in non-clinical samples. We generally do not discuss embarrassment and pride as they are likely less important in moral development, and because research on pride has most often concerned achievements (Eisenberg, 2000). Much of the research on moral emotions and normative socioemotional development has been conducted with children rather than adolescents, whereas research on the relations of moral emotions to psychological problems such as depression tends to be conducted with adolescent participants (see Gilbert and Irons, Chapter 11, this volume). In this chapter research on both childhood and adolescence is reviewed. The relative dearth of empirical research on the development and correlates of moral emotions in typical adolescents (rather than those prone to depression) is not surprising given the tendency for social and behavioral scientists, as well as the press, to emphasize negative aspects of adolescence such as “raging” hormones, defiance of authority, and delinquency (Steinberg & Morris, 2001).
|Title of host publication||Adolescent Emotional Development and the Emergence of Depressive Disorders|
|Publisher||Cambridge University Press|
|Number of pages||21|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2008|