Effects of maternal socialization strategies on children's nutrition knowledge and behavior

Jennifer Hays, Thomas G. Power, Norma Olvera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the relationship between maternal socialization strategies and children's nutrition knowledge and behavior. It was hypothesized that children of mothers who used strategies, that promote the internalization of healthful eating practices, would demonstrate greater understanding of the relationship between nutrition and health. Seventy-nine low-income, immigrant Mexican American mothers and their children (ages 4 to 8) participated. Measures of maternal strategies and child eating behavior were obtained through observations of mother-child interactions during a meal in the home and through a structured interview. Children's knowledge and awareness of the relationship between nutrition and health were assessed in a structured play session. Results indicated that after controlling for child age, mothers' use of reasoning, verbal nondirectiveness, and their provision of opportunities for children to participate in food decisions were positively related to children's knowledge and awareness, whereas the use of commands was negatively related. The use of commands, however, was positively associated with children's compliance to maternal eating directives. Mothers who were overweight, who discouraged unhealthy eating, and who used nutrition rationales had children who gave more physical appearance or weight responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-437
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Applied Developmental Psychology
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2001

Fingerprint

Socialization
Mothers
Eating
Mother-Child Relations
Health
Child Behavior
Feeding Behavior
Meals
Interviews
Weights and Measures
Food

Keywords

  • Mexican Americans
  • Mothers
  • Nutrition
  • Socialization

Cite this

@article{c504fe5e706441cd8de33d6dce843969,
title = "Effects of maternal socialization strategies on children's nutrition knowledge and behavior",
abstract = "This study examined the relationship between maternal socialization strategies and children's nutrition knowledge and behavior. It was hypothesized that children of mothers who used strategies, that promote the internalization of healthful eating practices, would demonstrate greater understanding of the relationship between nutrition and health. Seventy-nine low-income, immigrant Mexican American mothers and their children (ages 4 to 8) participated. Measures of maternal strategies and child eating behavior were obtained through observations of mother-child interactions during a meal in the home and through a structured interview. Children's knowledge and awareness of the relationship between nutrition and health were assessed in a structured play session. Results indicated that after controlling for child age, mothers' use of reasoning, verbal nondirectiveness, and their provision of opportunities for children to participate in food decisions were positively related to children's knowledge and awareness, whereas the use of commands was negatively related. The use of commands, however, was positively associated with children's compliance to maternal eating directives. Mothers who were overweight, who discouraged unhealthy eating, and who used nutrition rationales had children who gave more physical appearance or weight responses.",
keywords = "Mexican Americans, Mothers, Nutrition, Socialization",
author = "Jennifer Hays and Power, {Thomas G.} and Norma Olvera",
year = "2001",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/S0193-3973(01)00088-0",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "421--437",
journal = "Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology",
issn = "0193-3973",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "4",

}

Effects of maternal socialization strategies on children's nutrition knowledge and behavior. / Hays, Jennifer; Power, Thomas G.; Olvera, Norma.

In: Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, Vol. 22, No. 4, 01.07.2001, p. 421-437.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of maternal socialization strategies on children's nutrition knowledge and behavior

AU - Hays, Jennifer

AU - Power, Thomas G.

AU - Olvera, Norma

PY - 2001/7/1

Y1 - 2001/7/1

N2 - This study examined the relationship between maternal socialization strategies and children's nutrition knowledge and behavior. It was hypothesized that children of mothers who used strategies, that promote the internalization of healthful eating practices, would demonstrate greater understanding of the relationship between nutrition and health. Seventy-nine low-income, immigrant Mexican American mothers and their children (ages 4 to 8) participated. Measures of maternal strategies and child eating behavior were obtained through observations of mother-child interactions during a meal in the home and through a structured interview. Children's knowledge and awareness of the relationship between nutrition and health were assessed in a structured play session. Results indicated that after controlling for child age, mothers' use of reasoning, verbal nondirectiveness, and their provision of opportunities for children to participate in food decisions were positively related to children's knowledge and awareness, whereas the use of commands was negatively related. The use of commands, however, was positively associated with children's compliance to maternal eating directives. Mothers who were overweight, who discouraged unhealthy eating, and who used nutrition rationales had children who gave more physical appearance or weight responses.

AB - This study examined the relationship between maternal socialization strategies and children's nutrition knowledge and behavior. It was hypothesized that children of mothers who used strategies, that promote the internalization of healthful eating practices, would demonstrate greater understanding of the relationship between nutrition and health. Seventy-nine low-income, immigrant Mexican American mothers and their children (ages 4 to 8) participated. Measures of maternal strategies and child eating behavior were obtained through observations of mother-child interactions during a meal in the home and through a structured interview. Children's knowledge and awareness of the relationship between nutrition and health were assessed in a structured play session. Results indicated that after controlling for child age, mothers' use of reasoning, verbal nondirectiveness, and their provision of opportunities for children to participate in food decisions were positively related to children's knowledge and awareness, whereas the use of commands was negatively related. The use of commands, however, was positively associated with children's compliance to maternal eating directives. Mothers who were overweight, who discouraged unhealthy eating, and who used nutrition rationales had children who gave more physical appearance or weight responses.

KW - Mexican Americans

KW - Mothers

KW - Nutrition

KW - Socialization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0038212544&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0193-3973(01)00088-0

DO - 10.1016/S0193-3973(01)00088-0

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0038212544

VL - 22

SP - 421

EP - 437

JO - Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology

JF - Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology

SN - 0193-3973

IS - 4

ER -