Effects of altitude acclimatization on fluid regulatory hormone response to submaximal exercise

P. B. Rock, W. J. Kraemer, C. S. Fulco, L. A. Trad, M. K. Malconian, M. S. Rose, P. M. Young, A. Cymerman

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To determine the effect of altitude acclimatization on plasma levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) during submaximal exercise and its relationship with renin and aldosterone, seven male volunteers aged 17-23 yr exercised to exhaustion on a cycle ergometer at 80-85% of their maximum O2 uptake at sea level (SL; 50 m), during 1 h in a hypobaric chamber [acute altitude (AA); 4,300 m], and after 14 or 16 days of residence on the summit of Pikes Peak, CO [chronic altitude (CA); 4,300 m]. Plasma samples taken before exercise, 10 min after the start of exercise, and 5 min postexercise were analyzed for ANP, plasma renin activity (PRA), and aldosterone (ALDO). ANP showed a progressive increase from rest to postexercise [7.49 ± 1.63 to 11.32 ± 1.80 (SE) pmol/ml and 6.05 ± 2.55 to 10.38 ± 7.20 pmol/ml; P = 0.049, exercise] at SL and AA, respectively, but not at CA (P = 0.039, altitude). Similarly, PRA and ALDO rose from rest to postexercise (P < 0.001, exercise), but the rise in ALDO with exercise was less during AA than during SL and CA (P = 0.002, phase). The decreased ANP levels during exercise after altitude acclimatization, with no change in PRA and ALDO, suggest that ANP has little effect on PRA and ALDO under these conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1208-1215
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1993


  • acute mountain sickness
  • aldosterone
  • atrial natriuretic peptide
  • hypoxia
  • renin


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