Effect of Selenium Supplementation on Cytotoxic Activity of the Human NK Cell Line

Randall L. Davis, Julian E. Spallholz, Catherine A. Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The cancer chemopreventive activity of Se has been suggested to be related to the ability of Se to modulate the immune system, in particular natural killer (NK) cells. To date, studies investigating Se-modulation of NK cell function have used mixed lymphocyte populations or enriched NK cell populations from peripheral blood or spleen. To alleviate extraneous variables, the effects of Se compounds on the NK cytotoxic activity were assessed using a human, non-transformed, NK cell line (NK3.3) derived from a mixed lymphocyte culture from normal donors. Selenite, but not selenomethionine, inhibited the natural cytotoxic and antibody-dependent cytotoxic activity of NK3.3 cells. The data suggest that Se-induced enhancement of NK activity in vivo may not be due to a direct interaction of Se on NK cells. The elevated in vivo NK activity may be explained by an indirect effect of Se (i.e., Se may affect another cell population that in turn releases “factors” that enhance NK cell cytotoxic activity).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-113
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Nutritional Immunology
Volume5
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Mar 2002

Fingerprint

Selenium
Human Activities
Natural Killer Cells
Cell Line
Lymphocytes
Population
Selenomethionine
Selenious Acid
Immune System
Spleen
Antibodies
Neoplasms

Keywords

  • Immunocompetence
  • NK cells
  • Selenium

Cite this

Davis, Randall L. ; Spallholz, Julian E. ; Phillips, Catherine A. / Effect of Selenium Supplementation on Cytotoxic Activity of the Human NK Cell Line. In: Journal of Nutritional Immunology. 2002 ; Vol. 5, No. 3-4. pp. 99-113.
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Effect of Selenium Supplementation on Cytotoxic Activity of the Human NK Cell Line. / Davis, Randall L.; Spallholz, Julian E.; Phillips, Catherine A.

In: Journal of Nutritional Immunology, Vol. 5, No. 3-4, 06.03.2002, p. 99-113.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Phillips, Catherine A.

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AB - The cancer chemopreventive activity of Se has been suggested to be related to the ability of Se to modulate the immune system, in particular natural killer (NK) cells. To date, studies investigating Se-modulation of NK cell function have used mixed lymphocyte populations or enriched NK cell populations from peripheral blood or spleen. To alleviate extraneous variables, the effects of Se compounds on the NK cytotoxic activity were assessed using a human, non-transformed, NK cell line (NK3.3) derived from a mixed lymphocyte culture from normal donors. Selenite, but not selenomethionine, inhibited the natural cytotoxic and antibody-dependent cytotoxic activity of NK3.3 cells. The data suggest that Se-induced enhancement of NK activity in vivo may not be due to a direct interaction of Se on NK cells. The elevated in vivo NK activity may be explained by an indirect effect of Se (i.e., Se may affect another cell population that in turn releases “factors” that enhance NK cell cytotoxic activity).

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