This study investigated whether the use of thought control strategies specific to suicidal thoughts influenced suicide ideation and suicide risk in a sample of adult students (N = 135) who were selectively recruited after endorsing a history of suicide ideation on a pre-screen assessment. An adapted version of the Thought Control Questionnaire (TCQ; Wells & Davies, 1994) specific to controlling thoughts of suicide was employed to assess whether participants responded to thoughts of suicide with worry, self-punishment, reappraisal, concealment, and distraction. The suicide-specific thought control questionnaire demonstrated a reliable factor structure similar to the original measure. Results indicated that distraction from suicidal thoughts was negatively correlated with suicide ideation and risk, whereas self-punishment for having these thoughts and worrying about other thoughts were positively correlated with suicide ideation and suicide risk. Clinical implications and future research directions are discussed.
- Thought control
- Thought suppression