Delayed-type hypersensitivity response in mice to Pneumocystis carinii.

D. C. Graves, X. H. Li, William Paiva

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Abstract

Resistance to Pneumocystis carinii infection appears to be mediated by T lymphocytes but the mechanism and subsets of T cells involved are poorly understood. We used the BALB/c mouse model to study the delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) response to rat P. carinii. Mice were sensitized to P. carinii for seven days and then challenged with P. carinii antigens in the right rear footpads and normal rat lung antigens in the left rear footpads. A typical DTH response was observed in the right footpads as evidenced by significant swelling and substantial mononuclear cell infiltration at 24-h post-challenge. The DTH response could be transferred to naive syngeneic mice by adoptively transferring spleen cells from P. carinii-sensitized mice. In addition, by using anti-thy-1, anti-mouse Ig, anti-L3T4 and anti-Lyt-2.2 monoclonal antibodies in in vitro cytolysis experiments, we were able to demonstrate that the DTH response was dependent upon T lymphocytes. The response appeared to require cooperation between both L3T4+ and Lyt 2+ subsets of T lymphocytes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Journal of protozoology
Volume38
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1991

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