Decreased plasma taurine in aged rats

D. R. Wallace, R. Dawson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Taurine (TAU) is thought to be a neuromodulator or an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain. In the periphery, TAU is involved in a wide spectrum of physiological functions. One of the most important putative physiological function of TAU is the modulation of cardiovascular activity including blood pressure control. TAU also appears to be important for the development of an organism, especially early central nervous system development. Regional TAU content was measured in brains of adult (6-month) and aged (23- to 26-month) Fischer-344 (F-344) male rats. To assess the putative neurotransmitter role of TAU, release due to potassium depolarization was studied using slices from frontal cortex of F-344 rats. Circulating levels of TAU were also determined in male F-344 rats (6 and 24 months of age) and female Long-Evans rats (LE, 6 and 30 months old). We found no age-related change in TAU stores from the brain regions examined, nor did we find any indication of TAU release due to potassium depolarization in the release paradigm utilized. There was, however, a significant reduction (28 and 42%) in plasma TAU concentration in F-344 and LE rats, respectively. This age-related reduction in plasma TAU may have important consequences both peripherally and centrally with respect to regulation of blood pressure, cardiovascular function, and cardioprotection, as well as possible CNS complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-27
Number of pages9
JournalGerontology
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1990

Keywords

  • Fischer-344 rat
  • amino acids
  • plasma
  • taurine

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